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Chemical Fertilizer and Soil Degradation

All Plants require different set of nutrients such as the macro and micro nutrients for good and healthy growth (Tucker, 1999). Meaning to say, each planting season the nutrients that are taken away by the plant as they grow. Thus, it is needed for regular application fertilizers to compensate for the nutrients taken by the plant. Before the utilization of chemical fertilizer, the practice of applying partially decomposed animal waste in plants were the natural and old process of returning the lost nutrients back into the soil. However, with the popular use of Chemical Fertilizer, the decomposition process and the natural way of returning the nutrients was disregarded.

Chemical Fertilizer brought many blessings on humanity, as it helps to suppress hunger and keep famine away from the society. Currently, chemical fertilizer has become a part of the farming tradition and practices as farmers supply the demand of the ever-growing society. Although chemical fertilizer has been a blessing to humanity in the past, today Chemical Fertilizer has been determined to be the second cause of Soil Degradation after soil erosion (Tetteh, 2015). The over use of Chemical fertilizer has resulted to Hardened soil, Decreased in Fertility, low soil quality, increased used of Pesticide and Herbicide, Polluted air and water, and also produces Greenhouse Gasses. It also contains salt as well as other acidic materials which is one of the most critical characteristics of chemical Fertilizer and is expected to damage the soil in the long run.

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Now, the conditions of farm lands have been severely damaged and current efforts to rehabilitate the farms lands has been difficult. The years of using Chemical Fertilizer has decreased the most essential part of the soil, the Organic Matter. The mis-use of Chemical Fertilizer has created a PARADOX, on which, as the harvest of the farm decrease the farmers increase the input of Chemical Fertilizer to supply the demand of the population. This Paradox can be seen all around the world, and here in Philippines it is well known. Before, farmers harvest 100MT of per hectare; now, they only harvest 60MT of rice per hectare, even though they have increased their dosage of Chemical Fertilizer. The absence of Organic Matter in the soil has made it hard for the Chemical Fertilizer to be retained within the Soil. The chemically damaged soil has affected the CEC (or Cation Exchange Capacity) of the soil, the storing of nutrients and nutrients exchange capability, has also diminished as the organic matter drops. Thus, the Chemical Fertilizer applied to the Farm escapes to the Ground Water as there is no organic matter to catch and store these nutrients (NPK), and ends op polluting bodies of water

On top of this, the use of Organic Fertilizers such as Vermicast, Chicken manure or any other types of Organic Fertilizer has not been proven beneficial to the profit of Farmers as their income drops up to 50% when they switch to organic fertilizer. Applying these Organic Fertilizer does not also directly increase the Organic matter content of the soil. As Organic Matter in the soil only increases as organic material undergo a decomposition process with the use living organisms as stated in our previous post: Organic Matter, Living Organisms and Farming(Click here). Thus, restoring the organic matter in the soil becomes a tedious task and an expensive process. In addition, these organic fertilizer does not state the micro-organisms is contains, as this is a very important matter, cause some disease-causing microbes thrive in unsanitary environment or unprocessed manure; and when applied to the chemically damage soil may cause further microbial damage. Thus, returning to the organic matter rich, diverse microbial activity, and nutrient filled soil seems an impossible task to do. As the Organic Fertilizer has to be processed/decomposed into organic matter and free of Pathogens before it can encourage Microbial activity and store nutrients.

Fortunately, a Filipino Scientist Dr. Eliseo Ruiz with a research and Development of 40 years and a scientific concoction of 25 Beneficial Micro-Organisms our product has been created: Plantmate Organic Fertilizer (Click here). With our Product: Plantmate Organic Fertilizer (Click here), increasing the organic matter content as it comes from 100% organic matter from materials of: Mudpress, Chicken Manure, Boiler ash, Rice hull, etc. As stated in the previous post, Organic Matter increases when the organic material undergoes decomposition. With the Technology of Bio-PLUS Activator (Click here), the organic materials from plant waste and animal manure goes into a process with the concentrate of 25 Beneficial Micro-Organisms breaking down the Organic Material and turning it to an organic matter.

Best organic fertilizer in the Philippines Effective organic Fertilizer Seed germination Bacterial Chemically damage soil Rehabilitate Soil Pathogenic Bacteria El niño Drought Bacterial disease Making compost more potent Plantmate Organic Fertilizer Inter International Fertilizer International Organic Fertilizer PH Neutralization 5.5 pH Nuetral pH

Referrences:

Brown PH, et al. 2002: Boron in plant biology. Plant Biology, 4:205–223.

Tucker, Ray 1999: Essential Plant Nutrients: Their Presence in North California Soils and role in Plant Nutrition

Tetteh, Richfmond N.    Chemical soil degradation as a result of contamination: A review, Academic Journal 2015, Vol.6, ISSN 2141-2391 pp 301-308